Signs & Symptoms
Tenderness and pain are usually felt deep at the back of the shoulder and during the middle-range of motion rather than at the extremes of flexibility. Moderate to severe shoulder degeneration may cause a dull aching or intermittent flare-ups of pain at night making it difficult to sleep.
Stiffness Or Loss Of Motion
A decreased range of motion is observed even during passive shoulder motion made with assistance (such as a doctor or physical therapist trying to rotate the arm). This symptom can make bathing, getting dressed, and other daily activities challenging. Inactivity can make stiffness even worse.
When the shoulder "catches" an otherwise fluid movement is unintentionally interrupted. Catching is often associated with crepitus.
Feeling or hearing a crunching or popping sound when rotating the shoulder. This is a sign that cartilage has worn away and is not protecting the bones from friction.
Weakness And Muscle Atrophy
Avoidance of painful weight bearing movements (e.g., lifting objects) can lead to muscle atrophy and weakness.
The soft tissues surrounding the joint can become irritated and swell. Swelling can occur in shoulder osteoarthritis, though it is typically less pronounced than in other types of arthritis, such as knee or hand arthritis.
The StemX Diagnosis
EvaluationWe check how you're doing. After we understand your injury, which includes past surgeries, medications and other related information, we will conduct a thorough physical check of the injury site and other vitals and explain the possible outcomes for pain alleviation.
ImagingWe take a closer look. With degenerative shoulder joints , an MRI image or an X-ray may be required to assess what course of treatment would be best suited for your condition.
TreatmentBased on your age, severity of injury and other pertinent factors, we will administer the best regenerative treatment option and follow it up with a care plan in order to achieve the highest likelihood of success of the treatment.
Our team of doctors will determine suitability of treatments through a full evaluation and ultrasound to understand the level of damage and deterioration of the injured area.
While we'd like to help everyone, 30% of potential patients will be turned away. This could be due to the following reasons:
- Deterioration of the injury and early signs of severe joint diseases are visible.
- Surgery is the only option. Our doctors will be candid with you if we feel this is your only path forward.
- Other medical conditions that do not make the injections feasible.
- A history of previous surgery with hardware implanted in the joints as there is a possible risk of infection with injecting into the area with hardware.
The field of regenerative medicine has revolutionized the treatment of sports-related and age-related bone and joint injuries. Several regenerative medicine treatments have shown clinical efficacy for acromioclavicular joint degeneration:,Wharton's Jelly, growth factor injections, and plasma rich platelet (PRP) injections.
A growing number of professional and amateur athletes are also turning to regenerative medicine treatments before considering surgery. The advantages of regenerative medicine treatments are:
- Little to no downtime due to the procedure
- Results can be boosted with physical therapy
- Avoidance of the side effects of pharmaceutical and cortisone drug therapies
- All-natural biological treatments help to avoid surgery
|Treatment||Efficacy range||Effects in*|
|Prolotherapy||Low: Prolotherapy injections strengthen weakened joints by stimulating the body's healing response||Approximately 3 weeks|
|Hyaluronic Acid||Low: HA injections provide pain relief as it lubricates the joints||Approximately 3 weeks|
|Platelet rich plasma||Moderate: The extracted platelets secrete at least seven different growth factors that promote healing and pain relief||Approximately 4-6 weeks or earlier|
|Growth Factors||High: These injections kickstart tissue repair offsetting joint degeneration||Approximately 6-9 months or earlier|
|Wharton's Jelly||High: These injections stimulate resident cells to regenerate and heal the damaged tissue, by lowering pain, and reducing inflammation||Approximately 6-9 months or earlier|
Low: Prolotherapy injections strengthen weakened joints by stimulating the body's healing responseEffects in* Approximately 3 weeks
Hyaluronic AcidEfficacy range
Low: HA injections provide pain relief as it lubricates the jointsEffects in* Approximately 3 weeks
Platelet rich plasmaEfficacy range
Moderate: The extracted platelets secrete at least seven different growth factors that promote healing and pain reliefEffects in*
Approximately 4-6 weeks or earlier
Growth FactorsEfficacy range
High: These injections kickstart tissue repair offsetting joint degenerationEffects in*
Approximately 6-9 months or earlier
Wharton's JellyEfficacy range
High: These injections stimulate resident cells to regenerate and heal the damaged tissue, by lowering pain, and reducing inflammationEffects in*
Approximately 6-9 months or earlier
We want to help you heal from the inside out.
Our care team at StemX undertakes an integrated assessment of your condition and overall health to help you recover as soon as possible so that you can live without being dependent on basic physical support or medication. ur trained team of clinicians and experienced doctors come with years of administering degenerative shoulder joint disease treatments and:
- A strong commitment to ensure holistic wellbeing
- Expertise in ultrasound and MRI imaging to place injections at the precise area of injury
- Insight into lifestyle and health contributors to joint injuries
- 100% transparent interactions to help you understand the benefits and recovery paths of regenerative medicine
- Personalised treatments and follow-ups to encourage healing and restore normalcy in life
Frequently Asked Questions
The shoulder has three primary parts - the upper arm bone (humerus), the shoulder blade (scapula), and the collarbone (clavicle). Shoulder degeneration is the loss of the cartilage which causes bones to rub against each other and lead to inflammation.
Several treatment options exist, these will vary depending on the severity of the damage to the joint structure. A complete physical examination is required to best determine which type of treatment is best for you. The options vary from regenerative treatments to surgery.
Age and lifestyle. If you engage in a lot of physical activities, your shoulders are prone to degeneration. Apart from that, age and injury are also causes for shoulder joint degeneration.
Commonly used treatments include cortisone injections for moderate to severe pain. StemX's range of treatments can offer relief and faster recovery from degenerative conditions of the shoulder.
Typically no, a complete examination is needed to determine what should be done to help the joint re-establish normal function.
The success of the treatment is dependent on the damage present in the joint. A complete physical examination should be performed and our medical team can assess each patient's expected outcomes.
Regenerative Medicine treatments usually require 6-12 weeks for full efficacy, this is dependent on the extent of damage and age of patient. These effects can last for many years, however this depends to some extent on the activity level of the patient. For example, athletes may require an additional treatment due to continued high activity levels on the affected joint.
Most regenerative treatments may be covered by Medicare. The insurance section on our website will have the details you are looking for.